In the poem, the speaker Yeats urges an older woman Maud to read from a book and reminisce on her youthful appearance. Personification : Personification is to give human characteristics to inanimate objects.
What enchants the reader is the way he has drawn a metaphorical comparison to show his genuine love for his mistress. Yeats' early poetry focuses on ancient Irish epics as well as the contemporary nationalist movement that was gaining force in Ireland.
Alliteration : Alliteration is a repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of the letters in the same line. When You Are Old is largely written in words of one syllable, which you may think emphasises the simplicity and sadness of the message that the voice is sending to the intended recipient.
But the voice in the poem loves the soul which we might describe as a combination of personality and character of his beloved, a type of love likely to be more enduring. Both were nationalists, and it was this passion, coupled with her undeniable beauty, that made Yeats fall in love with her.
I must admit, I was the same before I began studying his work.
However, he mentions that there was only one person who loved her sincerely despite knowing the transient qualities of her beauty.