Society has become adept at using computers, cell phones, Facebook, and Twitter for exchange of information. The law does not, however, specify who may collect urine or breath samples for alcohol or drug testing. Silver Spring, MD: Author. Generally, the law imposes a duty of care on a health care practitioner in situations where it is "reasonably foreseeable" that the practitioner might cause harm to patients through their actions or omissions.
Finally, a nurse should not refuse a physicians order unless she is absolutely certain that the patients health will not be further jeopardized by refusing the order.
Therefore, it is important to be aware that a HIPAA-compliant authorization must be obtained for any exchange of health care information.
Guidelines and hospital policies and procedures are more specific but may change from year to year. Promptly report abnormal assessments, including laboratory data, and document what was reported and any follow-up. In such an instance, no more than three samples can be taken against the will of a person during the five-hour period immediately following the arrest.
The ANA supports a nurses decision to reject an assignment in these situations, even when a nurse is not afforded specific legal or contractual protection for rejecting the assignment. What is the Privacy Act? Ask that you not be assigned to those tasks that offend your conscience.