Civilian control of the armed forces politics essay

The essay will now consider the problems that arise in the converse situation, where civilian politicians play a dominant role in the affairs of the military sphere.

Civilian control of the armed forces politics essay

Nuclear weapons in the U. While worldwide the coup has diminished in the last decade, in many places the threat still lingers. With war increasingly dangerous and destructive, where to divide the authority and assign the responsibility have become increasingly situational, and uncertain. The task will still remain to establish civilian control over national security policy and decision-making. While it is clear that the political education of soldiers is a necessity in order for them to effectively judge the potential ramifications of military actions [17] , a balance in terms of one sphere being aware of the affairs of the other needs to be maintained for the most constructive outcome. People did not know his party affiliation. He was the governor of the Louisiana Territory from to For instance, a military officer who expands his interests into non-military areas necessarily weakens his corporate identity, dilutes his responsibility by dividing it into both military and non-military spheres through conflicts of interest, one visible example being the business interests of the Indonesian military [2] and lessens his expertise by diverting attention away from his stated task of defending against external threats. Thus, all three branches of government must have some control over the military, and the system of checks and balances maintained among the other branches would serve to help control the military. What then is the most constructive role the military can play in politics, and which conditions would bring this about? Winfield Scott or Gen. Namely, it is the difficulty of separating war and politics into different spheres in practice. How will that transition come about, or be managed, without the kind of internal conflict, or even violence, which so threatens democratic process? He was the chief prosecution witness against Burr and narrowly escaped indictment himself. The truth of the matter is that fundamentally, civilian control is not a fact but a process.

Nuclear weapons in the U. Without a vigilant press and a widespread public understanding of the importance of civilian control and the requirements for its successful operation, civilian control can weaken while on the surface appear to be functioning properly. Infollowing victories at Vicksburg, Miss.

what provides the framework for civilian control of the armed forces

Schiff notes that when these legitimate bounds are overstepped, domestic political instability usually results. Journal of Political and Military Sociology, Issue 2. In AprilRumsfeld was severely criticized by some retired military officers for his handling of the Iraq Warwhile other retired military officers came out in support of Rumsfeld.

In the last two centuries, war has become too complex—the preparations too elaborate, the weapons too sophisticated, command too arduous, operations too intricate—to leave the waging of combat to amateurs or part-time practitioners.

Relationship between military and politics

By extension, some argue this includes total control over the entire state during times of dire national threat. In conclusion, due to the nature of warfare and policy-making itself, it is almost impossible for a soldier to be a-political. The king controlled the British military, and the framers had no interest in duplicating that system. However, this fragmentary effect e. Armed Forces and Society, Issue Helpful to this ethos is an officer corps that is, in every respect possible, representative of the diversity or homogeneity of the larger society. Military law, for example, endeavors first to promote discipline, and secondarily to render justice.

When the military enjoys great prestige, possesses advanced bureaucratic skills, believes that its ability to fulfill its mission may be at risk, or comes to doubt the civilian leadership, civilians can face great obstacles in exercising their authority.

Thus, one must necessarily conclude it is almost impossible for the military to be completely a-political.

why civilian control of the military jim garamone
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