A brief biography of alexander the great

Alexander the great empire

In spring he crossed the Dardanelles , leaving Antipater , who had already faithfully served his father, as his deputy in Europe with over 13, men; he himself commanded about 30, foot and over 5, cavalry, of whom nearly 14, were Macedonians and about 7, allies sent by the Greek League. On finding the army adamant , Alexander agreed to turn back. But Alexander had more important concerns—namely, the Persian expedition. The march was attended with much fighting and heavy, pitiless slaughter; at the storming of one town of the Malli near the Hydraotes Ravi River, Alexander received a severe wound which left him weakened. He then laid siege to the heavily fortified island of Tyre in January B. Against overwhelming odds, he led his army to victories across the Persian territories of Asia Minor, Syria and Egypt without suffering a single defeat. He was one of the greatest military leaders of all time. Seeing that Homer's Iliad inspired Alexander to dream of becoming a heroic warrior, Aristotle created an abridged version of the tome for Alexander to carry with him on military campaigns. Shortly afterward, however, Callisthenes was held to be privy to a conspiracy among the royal pages and was executed or died in prison; accounts vary ; resentment of this action alienated sympathy from Alexander within the Peripatetic school of philosophers, with which Callisthenes had close connections. In November of , Alexander declared himself the king of Persia after capturing Darius and making him a fugitive. At the time of his death, Philip was contemplating invading Persia. Wanting to unite the Persians and Macedonians and create a new race loyal only to him, he ordered many of his officers to marry Persian princesses at a mass wedding. Alexander's Conquests After securing the throne and getting all of Greece under his control, Alexander turned east to conquer more of the civilized world. With Bessus out of the way, Alexander had full control of Persia.

While the siege of Tyre was in progress, Darius sent a new offer: he would pay a huge ransom of 10, talents for his family and cede all his lands west of the Euphrates. He also travelled to Libya to see the oracle of Ammon.

A brief biography of alexander the great

When he was reading the letter from his son, a general named Cleander, who aided Polydamus with his mission, "opened him Parmerio up with a sword thrust to his side, then struck him a second blow in the throat…" killing him. Finally rid of Darius, Alexander proclaimed himself King of Persia.

What did alexander the great do

Indeed, ancient records indicate that the two became estranged later in Alexander's teenage years and at one point his mother was exiled to Epirus. This victory exposed western Asia Minor to the Macedonians, and most cities hastened to open their gates. Activities Take a ten question quiz about this page. After Alexander died, his empire collapsed and the nations within it battled for power. Alexander could be inspiring and courageous, continued Abernethy. In addition, Persian nobles had been accepted into the royal cavalry bodyguard. He was one of the greatest military leaders of all time. At first this went well, and he actually got in the rear of Alexander's force. He then set out to conquer the massive Persian Empire. All went well until they came within striking distance of the Tyrians. Upon hearing of Darius's death, the Macedonian army assumed that the expedition was over and the war won, but Alexander insisted on pushing farther east. He found that his treasurer, Harpalus , evidently fearing punishment for peculation, had absconded with 6, mercenaries and 5, talents to Greece; arrested in Athens , he escaped and later was murdered in Crete.

He reigned as king from BC. He is also said to have sent an expedition to discover the causes of the flooding of the Nile.

Alexander the great death

In the summer of , the troops of Alexander and Darius once again went head to head in battle at Issus. History Shares Alexander the Great was a king of Macedonia who conquered an empire that stretched from the Balkans to modern-day Pakistan. Some parts of Caria held out, however, until Alexander put his vigor and bravery on display, and his cavalry decimated the Band of Thebes. Alexander the Great was born on July 20, BC. Darius III brought soldiers from all over, and even beyond, his empire. Arrian said that Alexander rebuked Darius in writing and used the attempts of his predecessors to invade Greece as justification for his campaign against him. This discontent was now fanned by the arrival of 30, native youths who had received a Macedonian military training and by the introduction of Asian peoples from Bactria , Sogdiana , Arachosia , and other parts of the empire into the Companion cavalry ; whether Asians had previously served with the Companions is uncertain, but if so they must have formed separate squadrons. He quickly garnered the support of the Macedonian army, including the general and troops he had had fought with at Chaeronea. Once Philip II had succeeded in his campaign to unite all the Greek states minus Sparta into the Corinthian League, the alliance between father and son soon disintegrated. Fun Facts about Alexander the Great He was supposedly related to the Greek heroes Hercules from his father's side and Achilles from his mother's side. Alexander's Conquests After securing the throne and getting all of Greece under his control, Alexander turned east to conquer more of the civilized world.

They refused to go further and Alexander was forced to turn back. There is no reason to assume that his demand had any political background divine status gave its possessor no particular rights in a Greek city ; it was rather a symptom of growing megalomania and emotional instability.

They fought and conquered each other.

Alexander the great biography

Here he faced a formidable opponent in Spitamenes, who possessed a smaller army but continued harassing Alexander and even slaughtered a Macedonian unit after Alexander underestimated him. Alexander pursued the defeated Persian forces for 35 miles to Arbela, but Darius escaped with his Bactrian cavalry and Greek mercenaries into Media. Bessus was captured, flogged, and sent to Bactra, where he was later mutilated after the Persian manner losing his nose and ears ; in due course he was publicly executed at Ecbatana. Alexander took his act of murder terribly. Yet, despite his military accomplishments, ancient records say that he failed to win the respect of some his subjects and, furthermore, he had some of the people closest to him murdered. Indeed, ancient records indicate that the two became estranged later in Alexander's teenage years and at one point his mother was exiled to Epirus. In the battle that followed, Alexander won a decisive victory.

After the battle, Darius III offered Alexander a ransom for his family and alliance, through marriage, with him. The nature of Alexander the Great.

alexander the great accomplishments

Bessus was now in Bactria raising a national revolt in the eastern satrapies with the usurped title of Great King.

Alexander appeased the Macedonian soldiers by killing 13 Persian military leaders.

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Kid's Biography: Alexander the Great