Reduced disc height, spinal sagittal alignment, endplate inclination, and the traction of erector spine muscles have been considered as causative factors related to retrolisthesis 4 Thus, the surgeon is guided to the precise source of pain at that specified inter-vertebral point and the understanding of the actual mechanisms underlying the causation of Vertebral Slippage.
It is called complete when the body of one vertebra is posterior to both the vertebral body of the segment of the spine above as well as the segment below, stair stepped when the body of one vertebra is posterior to the body of the spinal segment above, but is anterior to the one below and partial retrolisthesis when the body of one vertebra is posterior to the body of the spinal segment either above or below.
Practice yoga, which improves posture, core strength, and back alignment. Thank you,for signing up. While both conditions involve a vertebral body slipping over the one beneath, the difference is directional.
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Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation A TENS unit uses electrical stimulation to modulate the sensation of lower back pain by overriding the painful signals that are sent to the brain.